Throat cancer and Throat cancer symptoms
Throat cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the throat region of the human body. Additionally, the throat region is a part of the digestive system. Also, it is a part of the respiratory system. So, what are these digestive and respiratory systems? Let us understand in brief. Our digestive system consists of the gastrointestinal tract and organs of the human body. Also, these help in the digestion of food. Therefore, the mouth, throat, oesophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, rectum, and anus are the digestive organs responsible for the digestive process. Additionally, the respiratory system includes the airways, lungs, and blood vessels. Moreover, it is a biological system. The throat acts as a passage for easy flow of air, water, and food. Also, it is right behind the nose and mouth. There are different types of throat cancer as well as throat cancer symptoms.
It is very important on your behalf to seek some medical help if you are facing several throat cancer symptoms or else this disease would catch you badly and threaten you. You will get a wider and clearer picture of the different types of this condition after we discuss the parts of the throat region. The throat (pharynx) consists of the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx.
There are two main types of the discussed condition. They are:
- Cancer of the pharynx (pharyngeal): Pharyngeal cancer may be of three types and they are:
- Nasopharynx. It is the upper part of the throat.
- Oropharynx. It is the middle part of the pharynx and
- the Hypopharynx, is the bottom part of the pharynx.
The nasopharynx is the cancer of the head and neck region of the human body. Also, this is the upper portion of the pharynx, just behind the nose. This part helps the air to pass from the nose to the throat and then to the lungs. Therefore, Nasopharynx cancer is a weird massive growth of cells that goes out of control in this regioN . Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is the most common form of nasopharynx cancer. Also, the other forms include Lymphomas, adenocarcinoma, and adenoid cystic carcinoma cancers.
Oropharynx cancer occurs in the middle part of the throat, i.e. oropharynx. Diagnosis of this type of cancer in the early stage is curable. Sore throats, swallowing issues, etc, are a few examples of throat cancer symptoms.
Hypopharynx cancer occurs at the bottom part of the throat. This condition advances when tobacco and alcohol are consumed heavily. Ear pain and sore throat are a few examples of the symptoms of this type of condition.
Cancer of the larynx (laryngeal):
Cancer that occurs in the voice box is cancer of the larynx or laryngeal cancer. According to the Cleveland Clinic (https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/16611-laryngeal-cancer),
Approximately 13000 individuals get this type of cancer and about 3,700 die out of it. Also, smoking is a very dangerous activity that increases the risk of this condition. Besides, this condition might occur due to several sexually transmissible diseases. Therefore, change in the voice, cough that is consistent and never goes away, ear pain, lump in the neck or throat region, paining throat while swallowing, etc are a few examples of the symptoms of hypopharynx cancer.
There are various diagnostic tests and treatments to cure throat cancer. Some of them are-
Ct scans– CT scans are also the chain of X-rays of a human body to examine certain conditions. The other name for a CT scan is computed tomography scan. Here, images of the inside of the body are taken from different angles.
MRIs (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) – This is a diagnostic test that helps to examine the anatomy and the physiological processes of a human body. Examinations are carried out via magnetic fields and radio waves.
Endoscopy tests-Help to view the parts inside of the body.
Biopsy– It helps to minutely examine a tissue sample from a body after extracting it from the body.
These are some of the diagnostic tests. And radiation therapies, chemotherapies, surgeries, and immunotherapy, are some of the treatments for this condition.
What are the throat cancer symptoms?
There are many difficulties in breathing, blood in the cough, sore throat, throat pain, and change in voice. Also, difficulty swallowing food items, lumps in the neck or throat region, and a cough that never goes are some of the few symptoms of throat cancer.