Fibroids refer to abnormal growth in a uterus or on the uterine walls. Also, which often gets large and causes abdominal pain and heavy menstrual periods. Though there are no potent causes for fibroids, experts believe that family history, weight gain, pregnancy, early menarche, and hormones have an influence. Also, they are typically benign or non-cancerous. Additionallyu, Fibroids have smooth fibrous connective tissue and muscle cells.
What are the symptoms of fibroids?
Usually, fibroids do not show significant symptoms and do not need treatment by the healthcare provider. However, they can range in various sizes. Moreover, the smaller ones typically require constant observation. So, if you develop larger fibroids, you might experience:
- Painful or excessive menstrual bleeding
- Bloating in the abdomen
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Frequent urination
- Spotting (bleeding between your periods)
- Lower back and pelvic pain
- Chronic vaginal discharge
- Difficulty getting pregnant
How are fibroids diagnosed?
If you notice some of the symptoms coming up, visit a diagnostic centre near me to get a pelvic examination. Additionally, to pinpoint the cause of the pain, they might order tests to check the size, shape, and condition of the uterus, such as:
- MRI scans
MRI scans can determine the number and size of fibroids.
- Ultrasound scans
The gynecologist inserts an ultrasound probe into the vagina to create ultrasound images of the uterus.
The gynecologist inserts a small and lighted tube into a small incision in your abdomen to examine the uterus and its surrounding organs.
The gynecologist inserts a small device with an attached camera at the end into your vagina and up the cervix to examine the uterus. Additionally, they may also perform a biopsy, or scrape off some cells, to check for possible cancers.
How can fibroids be treated?
Uterine fibroids treatments depend on their size, number, location, and symptoms. Additionally, in the case of an asymptomatic or small one, treatment may not be necessary. At Apollo Guwahati, if the diagnosis shows fibroids, your gynecologist would suggest:
Ibuprofen and acetaminophen can manage fibroids cramps and discomfort, along with iron supplements to counter the excessive bleeding. Also, birth control options such as contraceptive pills, intrauterine devices (IUDs), intravaginal contraception, and injections help in menstrual cramps and spotting.
Gonadotropin-releasing hormones (GnRH) medications are taken by injection or nasal spray. Consequently, this temporarily shrinks it. Elagolix or tranexamic acid is often given by gynecologists for symptomatic uterine fibroids and heavy bleeding.
Myomectomy allows the removal of fibroids without damaging the uterus in several ways. However, Hysteroscopy is done by inserting a scope into the vagina and cervix. Also, the surgeon does not make an incision. However, they cut away the fibroids from the uterus. In laparoscopy, the surgeon makes small incisions in the abdomen to remove the fibroids. However, in laparotomy, a significant incision in the core removes fibroids.
If you do not want future pregnancies, you can choose to remove the uterus entirely. Also, Hysterectomy is a sure way to remove large uterine fibroids, leaving only the ovaries. So, Fibroid removal laparoscopically or vaginally gives freedom from experiencing menstruation and menopause. Also, delivery of Radiofrequency ablation is in a transvaginal, transcervical, or laparoscopic manner for symptomatic. Uterine fibroid embolization involves placing a small catheter in the uterine artery to block the blood flow.
Living with fibroids can be a challenge, but multiple treatments are available. If you are looking for the best gynaecologist in Guwahati, please contact us at Apollo Clinic Guwahati.